Who were Harut & Marut - 1
The two angels sent to Babylon - 6
What happened to Zuhra - 12
Harut & Marut punished by Allah - 13
The magic teachers and students - 16
Sciences Harut & Marut taught men - 20
Science of Sorcery and Talisman - 23
Witchcraft and faith - 28
Angels - 32
The Name Of Allah - Most Merciful, Most Compassionate.
WERE HARUT & MARUT ?
the reign of King and Prophet Sulaiman (AS), Satan managed
and succeeded in impersonating the Prophet for forty
days by the mighty signet-ring on which was inscribed
the greatest name of Allah. Sulaiman (AS) was exiled
from his own land and nobody recognised him to be the
very King and Prophet.
these forty days Satan wrote several books on witchcraft
and buried them under the throne of Sulaiman (AS). The
Jinns used typical and treacherous ploys to convince
people that Sulaiman (AS), derived power and kingdom
by 'witchcraft'. To prove his words, he exhumed the
books from under the throne and showed them to the people.
Thus the people were interested in magic; they thought
they would be master of their fate by going through
witchcraft and that ultimate power would be invested
Satan spread corruption and discordance among the people.
Only a few of them were God-fearing ones, but it was
not an easy work for them to make such a people return
to the path of success. the situation worsened! So,
allah the Lord of the universe, the Lord of man and
angels, the Lord of Satan and Jinn split open the heaven
and let the angels see what mankind was doing and when
the angels saw men committing wrong they said: "These
humans you created with your hand, to whom you made
the angels prostrate, to whom you taught names of everyrhing
are committing wrong."
scene the angels witnessed on man, impelled them to
make derogatory remarks on mankind, criticizing the
people on Earth and their illegal ruling. allah said
to them, "But if you were in their place, you would
be doing the same thing." In another source and
tradition, it is said that Allah said to the angels,
"I gave mankind ten carnal desires and it is through
these they disobey me."
Allah challenged the angels to do better if placed under
the same condition. They accepted and said, "O'
Lord, if you give us these carnal desires we would descend
and we would judge with justice." The angels were
commanded to choose one who would be sent to Earth and
finally chose Harut and Marut.
said to them, "Go down, I have given you ten carnal
desires so judge between the people." So the two
angels, Harut and Marut were sent to the city of Babylon
(Capital of ancient Babylon on the bank of the lower
Euphrates River. The site if now of iraq, 88km/55 miles
South of Baghdad and 8km/5 miles north of Hilla, which
is built cheifly of bricks from the ruins of Babylon).
The Holy Qu'ran referes to Babylon and the two angels,
Harut and Marut in Chaper 2 Verse 102.
TWO ANGELS SENT TO BABYLON
was sent as a Judge whereas Marut as a scholar with
the instructions to avoid the grave sins of idolatry,
fornication, murder and the consumption of wine. They
lived, and consumed food as human beings. Their judgement
were appraised. Then one day a woman named Zuhra appeared
to them, she was wonderously beautiful as she was given
half of all beauty. They were captivated by the charms
and beauty of Zuhra. Now, Zuhra knew that the two men
were no ordinary persons. She thought that theymust
be other creatures in human forms who have got secrets.
Therefore she tried her best by means of her beauty
and tricks to bring out the secret.
two angels, by means of the greatest name of Allah could
leave the Earth in no time to thier abode in heaven.
They used this secret to ascend to heaven whever they
wished. Zuhra wanted at all costs to know the secrets
of Harut and Marut; so she invited them to her place,
served them with the best food. Now, they wanted to
comimit adultery with her as they were captivated by
her beauty, but she said. "No, not unless you associate
'partners' with God, consume wine, murder somebody and
prostrate before idol." They said, "we cannot
associate anything with God." Then one of them
said, "Return to her". But she said "Not
until you drink."
were then said with wine, and the dance of Zuhra accompanied
by music injected a satanic atmosphere, so they forgot
their mission and commited several sins in order to
win her favours. At the monet she was granting her favours
a beggar was passing by and witnessed their misconduct,
but they killed him. And during their state of inebriety
they disclosed their greatest secret which Allah has
vouchsafed to them. Thus Zuhra came to know the greatest
name of Allah! The secret she eagerly wanted to know
by leaving no stone unturned, had been finally unveiled
the two angels were committing wrong with Zuhra under
the effect of wine, as they were both intoxicated; Allah
plit open the heaven and the nagels saw how their two
brothers were misonducting, they said: "Glory to
You, you know better", The other angles took this
episode as a lesson and warning and they refrained from
bearing the conviction thatthey would do better than
man even with cranl desires. Allah knows perfectly the
weakness of man due to his Nafs or desires, but nevertheless
He wants man to achieve the greatest goal even though
he is inclined to evil. Just think how the greed and
desires of man pulled him to the threshold of sins,
but he just thinks of Allah and moves away, this is
in fact the greatest action he has done and reward for
him either here or in the hereafter will be countless.
man is not only the target of his evil desires but also
the main target of Satan. Man has therefore to fight
with his own self and Satan. How great is that man who
is spite of all these traps exposing on his way reaches
successfully the gate of bliss. A Sufi poet once said
"Jubilantly I glide onto the furious waves; For
life without hardship is a hell for the brave."
May Allah help us to reach our destination successfully
and let us not be enslaved by our passions and desires
but rather let us be the masters of our desires and
may Allah protect us from Satanic thoughts, Ameen.
two angels, Harut and Marut were vulnerable as hman
beings and they were unable to way-out from the women
wiles and other offecnes. The ten carnal desires Allah
gave to them were as if ten devils they have to fight
and exterminate but that was not an easy task although
they were angels. They did notever realise how much
man must strive the evil dictation of his desries; how
much man must be stilled as the mountain confronting
the fierce winds of evil thoughts, temptation an desires.
Harut and Marut boasted they could do better than man
in previaling justice and peace on Earth, but unfortunately
they became the prey for a beautiful woman.
HAPPENED TO ZUHRA?
who came to know the greatest name of Allah from the
two angels at once uttered the name and she disappeared
from the surface of the Earth, and she was never seen
again. The Lord however forgave her fot eh sins she
commited, but she was refused entry into Paradise, instead,
Allah transformed her into the planet 'Venus'; she will
be thus until the end of time. Venus can be seen in
the sky in the early morning or evening.
AND MARUT PUNISHED BY ALLAH
Harut and Marut became spber, they realised how they
had transgressed and what had befalled them. They tried
to acscend to heaven by uttering the greatest name of
Allah, but they were made to forget it. They, therefore,
realised how Allah's word had turned true. They prostrated
and prayed to win Allah's forgiveness, they repented.
Allah then said to them, "You reproached man for
his faulty nature; now you have seen that having carnal
desires as his, you will act in no way differently,
and all his iniquity has become yours!"
two angels were left to choose between punishment of
this world and the external pains of hell, they preferred
to expiate their offence here on Earth. The Lord accepted,
and it was Prophet sulaiman (AS) whom Allah inspired
after the recovery of his kingdom to make the two angels
choose between the two; 'the earthly punishement or
the eternal fire!' The two angels were put in fetters
from their ankles to their neck and they were placed
in a certain well in the Babel. The angels, Harut and
Marut were strung up by their feet where they have been
in torment ever since. It is said that they are strung
up by their feet every day between the hour og Maghrib
and Isha, such will be their punishment until the day
of judgement. They will then be forgiven and will obtain
their angelic nature and abode. Inshallah.
MAGIC TEACHERS AND STUDENTS
and Marut were placed in the well and all those who
were keen to learn magic, flocked to them for instructions.
The two angels started to teach them magic or witchcraft
amd they became great teachers of magic. In chapter
2 verse 102 of the Holy Qu'ran Allah says:
(the Jews) followed what the devils taught in the reign
of sulaiman; not that Sulaiman was unbelieving, but
the devils were unbelieving. Sorcery did they teach
to men, and what had been revealed to the two angels,
Harut and Marut, at Babel. Yet no mad did they teach
until they had said, "We areonly a temptation."
Be not then an unbeliever. From these two did people
learn how to cause division between man and wife; but
unless by leave of God, no man did harm thereby. They
learned, indeed, what would harm and not profit them:
and yet they knew he who bought that art should have
no part in the life to come! And vile the price in for
which they sold themselves. if they had but known it!
to this verse Allah informs us that at the time of Sulaiman
(AS), the Jinn who personated him for forty days was
unbelieving but Sulaiman (AS), never disbelieved. Some
people at that time were made to believe by Satan that
Sulaiman (AS), derived his power and kingdom through
witchcraft, but Allah removed the false accusations
against the Prophet by informing the fact through this
verse. Again, the two angels taught men magic, sorcery
but after they had warned the would be student of mgic,
"We are only a temptation, therefore, disbelieve
not in the guidance of Allah."
to the above verse we are also informed about seperation
between huband and wife! Many types of witchraft are
learned by man to ruin man, but the sorcery to disunite
a husband from his wife had been spread that moment
by the two angels. In fact Al-Ghazzali (RA), Ihya-Ulum-Al-Din,
in the chapter of Attachment of the World, he reported
a hadith in which the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be Upon him), is attributed to
have said: "Beware of the world, as it is a sorcerer
greater than Harut and Marut". We therefore confirm
that fact Harut and Marut did teach sorcery after usual
warning had been given.
HARUT & MARUT TAUGHT MEN
two angels taught men all the esoteric arts and branches
of occult knowledge; astrology, alchemy, numerology,
the healing arts and magic. Although the roots of astrology
go back to anceint Babylon and assyria, it was the Greeks
who took over the Babylonian Zodiac and went on to develop
the first known horoscopes. Astrology became very popular
sciences showing how human souls may become prpared
to exercise upon the world of the elements, either without
the help of celestial matters. These sciences are forbideen
by the religious laws, because they are harmful and
require their practitioners to direct themselves to
being other than Allah, such as stars among these Venus,
and other things. these sciences were cultivated among
Assyrian and Chaldean (inhabitants of abylon) and mong
Copts of Egypt and others. They composed books dealing
with sorcery and left information on these sciences.
A few of these books have been translated. One of the
books is the Falaha-an-Nabatiyah by Ibn Wahshiyah, a
Babylonian work. Hence people learned the science of
sorcery from that work and developed it manifold branches.
However, these sciences breed nothing but total destruction
of faith! And faith is the key to heaven.
now i'll leave it at that* I've typed up to page 22
and my back is starting to hurt!!! So inshallah I will
type the rest up for you when I get time. As I said
before, no references are being given as to where this
information has derivied from... if someone can tell
me I would appreciate it. Is this actually what happened
or is it a story made up by the author for children?
Surely if it is the latter he would not associate sayings
to the Almighty right?
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SCIENCE OF SORCERY AND TALISMAN
to Ibn Kaldun, the meaning of sorcery is as follows:
Human souls are one in species, but they differ in view
of their particular qualities. They are of different
kinds and each kind of soul. These qualities come to
its particular kind of soul.
souls of the prophets have particular quality through
which they are prepared to have divine knowledge, to
be addressed by the angels in the name of Allah, and
to exercise the influence upon created beings that goes
with all that...
souls of certain sorcerers also have the quality of
being able to exercise influence upon created beings
and to attract the spirituality of the stars, so that
they can use it for being active among created being
and to be able to exercise an influence through either
a psychic or satanic power. Now, prophets are able to
exercise their influence with the help of Allah and
by means of divine quality. The souls of soothsayers,
have the quality enabling them to observe supernatural
things by means of satanic powers. Thus, every kind
of soul is distinguished by its particular quality,
which does not exist in any other kind.
souls that have magical ability are of three degrees.
The first kind exercises its influence merely through
mental power, without any instrument or help. This is
what the philosopher's term sorcery. The second exercises
its influences with the help of the temper of the spheres
and the elements, or with the aid of properties of numbers.
This is called Talisman. It is weaker in degree than
the first one. The third exercises its influence upon
the powers of imagination, he is somehow active in them.
He plants among the different sorts of phantasms, Images
and pictures whichever he intends to use. Then he brings
them down to the level of sensual perception of the
observers with the help of the power of his soul that
exercises an influence over that sensual perception.
As a result, the phantasms and so on, appear to the
observers to exist in the external word, while in fact,
there is nothing of the sort. For instance, a person
is said to have seen gardens, rivers or castles, while
in fact, there was no such things. This is what the
philosophers term 'prestidigitation, (Sha'badhah). These
are the different degree of sorcery.
religious law put sorcery, talismans and prestidigitation
into one and the same class, because they may cause
harm. It brands them as forbidden and illegal. the Prophet
Muhammed (Peace and Blessings be Upon him) is reported to have said "There
are certain magicians among my followers. Do not call
on them when they are sick, do not offer funeral prayers
for them when they die and do not greet them with salutations
when you happen to meet them." However, the occult
sciences are in fact attempts of man towards spiritualism
but through means contrary to divine injunction.
to Urwah-ab-l-Zubayr, the mother of believers Aisha
(RA) is reported to have said: A woman from the people
of Dumat al-Janbal came to seem me. She arrived seeking
the Messenger of Allah after he had recently passed
away, to ask him about sorcery which had become involved
in but had not practised. Aisha (RA) said to Urwa: "O'
son of my sister, I noticed that she cried when she
did not find the Messenger of Allah to comfort her.
She cried until I showed compassion for her, she said,
'I am afraid that I have been ruined! I had a husband
who left me, and an old woman came to me and I complained
to her about that'. Then she said , 'If you do what
I tell you, I shall make him come back to you'. Then
when the night fell, she came with two black dogs, she
mounted one of them and I mounted the other one. In
no time we had stopped at Babil, where there were two
men suspended by their feet, they said 'What brought
you here', I said I would learn sorcery, they said,
We are a trial; do not disbelieve return! I refused
and said No. They said 'Go to this oven and urinate
on it.' So I went but I was terrified and returned back.
Have you done it?, they asked, I said, 'Yes', They said,
'Did you see anything?, I said, 'No'. They said, 'You
did not do it-Go back to your place, do not disbelieve,
you are in control of your affairs.' But I stayed and
refused to go. They said, 'Go and urinate.' So I went
and urinated into the oven and I saw a horsemen wearing
an iron mask come out of me and go up to the sky, and
he disappeared from my view so that I could not see
him. Then I came and said I've done it, and told them
what I saw. They said 'You are speaking the truth. That
was your faith leaving you, go.' I said to the woman
I learned nothing. They taught me nothing. The woman
replied, 'No, you will not wish for anything without
it happening. take this wheat and sow it.' I sowed it
and I said, 'Sprout' and it sprouted, then I said, 'Burgeon
forth', and it bourgeoned forth. I said 'Ripen', and
it ripened. I said 'Be milled' and it was milled, 'Be
baked' and it was baked. When I saw everything, I wished
for would happen. I was horrified and by God I repented.
'O' mother of the faithful. By God I have never done
any sorcery nor will I ever do.'
are creatures of Allah. They are created from 'light'.
They are endowed with life, speech and reason. The angels
are sanctified from carnal desires and the disturbance
of anger; they disobey not Allah in what He commanded
them, but they perform what they are commanded. Their
food is the celebrating of the glory of Allah, their
drink the proclamation of His holiness; their conversation,
the commeneration of Allah, Whose name be exalted. The
angels' pleasure is worshipping Allah, and they are
created in different forms and with different powers.
on making allusion to the two angels who were sent to
Babil, Harut and Marut, we see that they possessed qualities
other than angels; that is that they are free from carnal
desires, they never turned angry and so on; but when
they were allowed to see the disturbances occurring
among mankind, they blamed man for his misconduct. They
made such remarks by their angelic nature, that is,
as they did not bear any carnal desires as man. But
when Allah told them if they were in the place of man
they would have done the same things. Harut and Marut
could not think otherwise than what is good by their
angelic nature; so they could not imagine acting themselves
like the son of man if they were to be sent on Earth!
The two thought that they would be doing the virtuous
things and delivering good judgment among man but the
burdens of ten carnal desires which man has, and how
must the son of Adam (AS) struggle with his own self
to prosper. So, Allah wanted the two angels to understand
the situation of man, not by lecturing them, but rather
by sending them in human forms with ten carnal desires
as man so that they would come to know themselves that
the creature they were blaming for committing wrong,
did so by the carnal desires Allah created within themselves.
the lesson Allah wanted to teach the two angels had
been completely comprehended by them, after they had
sinned on Earth. Allah who is the compassionate and
the Merciful will give Harut and Marut their angelic
position on the day of judgment. For the time being
they are suspended in a well in Babil as a temporary
punishment herein order to enjoy an eternal bliss in
Above Article is taken from this book:
Harut & Marut
Author: Mohamad Yasin Owadally
*Note* It is aimed at children. Therefore (as I have
found) the book does not provide references (Quran /
Bukhari etc.) for what is said which I would really