his childhood he was a wrestler. He used to practice
all of its arts, until he became one of the most famous
wrestlers in his time. Wrestlers would gather around
him to learn from him. One day, a man watching him wrestle
had the following thought come to his heart: "How
is it that a person who is the Descendant of the Prophet
and who is deeply knowledgeable in shari'a and tariqat,
is practicing this sport?" He immediately fell
into a deep sleep and dreamt that it was the Judgement
Day. He felt that he was in great difficulty and that
he was drowning. Then the shaykh appeared to him and
rescued him from the water. He woke up and Sayyid 'Amir
Kulal (qs) looked at him and said, "Did you witness
my power in wrestling and my power in intercession?"
One time his shaykh-to-be, Muhammad Baba as-Samasi (qs),
was passing by his wrestling arena, accompanied by his
followers. He stopped and stood there. An evil whisper
came to the heart of one of his followers saying, "How
is it that the shaykh is standing here in this wrestling
arena?" The shaykh looked at his follower immediately
and said, "I am standing here for the sake of one
person. He is going to be a great Knower. People will
come to him for guidance and through him people will
reach the highest states of Divine Love and the Divine
Presence. My intention is to bring this person under
my wing." At that moment Sayyid 'Amir al-Kulal
(qs) gazed at him, was attracted and abandoned the sport
of wrestling. He followed Shaykh Muhammad Baba as-Samasi
to his house. Shaykh Samasi taught him the dhikr and
the principles of the distinguished tariqat and told
him, "You are now my son."
Sayyid 'Amir al-Kulal followed Shaykh Samasi for 20 years, spending
all his time in dhikr, seclusion, worship, and self-denial.
No one saw him in these 20 years except in the company of his
shaykh. He would come to see his shaykh in Samas every Monday
and Thursday, although the distance was five miles and the journey
difficult, until he reached a state of unveiling (mukashafa).
At that time his fame began to spread everywhere until he left
this world. He became the teacher and mentor of Turghai (Trush)
(died 1356 AD) the head of Berlas tribe and his son 'Amir Timur
(died 807/1405). One of his most famous disciples was Muhammad
ibn Muhammad Baha'ud-Din al-Uwaysi al-Bukhari (qs) who used
to work as an executioner in Bukhara under the rule of King
Qazan. One day Baha'ud-Din (qs) was ordered to execute a man
who had angered the ruler of the state. However, right before
his execution the accused called upon Shaykh 'Amir al-Kulal
(qs), identifying him as his teacher. Shaykh 'Amir al-Kulal
(qs) intervened and the accused was set free on his intercession.
This was Baha'ud-Din's first encounter with Shaykh 'Amir al-Kulal.
Impressed by him, Baha'ud-Din became his student.
Shaykh 'Amir al-Kulal had four children, as-Sayyid al-'Amir
Burhanuddin, as-Sayyid al-'Amir Hamza, as-Sayyid al-'Amir Shah,
and as-Sayyid al-'Amir 'Umar. Shaykh Sayyid 'Amir Al-Kulal (qs)
died in the same village in which he was born, Sukhar, the 8th
of Jumada al-Awwal, 772 AH/1370 and was buried in Shahrisabz
(Kesh); the Green City. His tomb was completed by 1374 AD under
the orders of Timur. Majority of Timur's family is also buried
at the same place.
Shaykh al-Kulal's descendants moved to India with Mughals establishing
an empire there and majority of them remained as teachers and
mentors of Mughal Princes and Kings or their close friends.
To know more about the life and works of Shaykh Sayyid 'Amir
al-Kulal (qs), one can read Maqamat-i-'Amir al-Kulal composed
by his great grandson Shihab ul-Din. It consists of 70 tales
About Shahrisabz is a city in Uzbekistan located approximately
80 km south of Samarkand with the population of 53,000 (1991).
It is located at the altitude of 622 m. Once a major city of
Central Asia, it is primarily known today as the birthplace
of 14th century Turkic conqueror Timur. Its name means "green
city" in Persian.